great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences JACK ZIPES. Breaking the Disney Spellt. It was not once upon a. 2 Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity. 3 Breaking the Disney Spell. 4 Spreading Myths about Iron John. 5 Oz as American Myth. According to Jack Zipes in his article, “Breaking the Disney Spell,” in From Mouse to Mermaid: “[Walt] Disney employed the most up-to-date.

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Fairy Tale Traditions Search: The fairy tale received its most “mythic” articulation in America. Most important were the gags, or the technical inventions of the animators ranging from the introduction of live actors to interact with cartoon characters, improving the movement of the characters so that they didney not shimmer, devising ludicrous and preposterous scenes for the sake of spectacle, etc.

Was Disney making a statement on behalf of the masses? His next step after sound was color, and in he signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor and began producing his Silly Symphony Cartoons in color. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. The witches are not only agents of evil but represent erotic and subversive forces that are more appealing both for the artists who drew them and the audiences. How did this notion emanate?

Most important in the late nineteenth century was the rise of folklore as an institution and of various schools of literary criticism that dealt with fairy tales and folk tales. Throughout the entire production of this film, Disney had to be consulted and give his approval for each stage of development. It is through the artful use of images that one can sway audiences and gain their favor.

Breaking the Disney Spell | Jack Zipes –

However, the domination of the word in the development of the fairy tale as genre was about to change. Click here to sign up. He completely reinvented the breakimg people see them and I personally think it is very affective. Through these moving pictures, the animators appropriated literary and oral fairy tales to subsume the word, to have the final word, often through image and book, bdeaking Disney began publishing books during the s to complement his films.

Everything is on the surface, one-dimensional, and we are to delight in one-dimensional portrayal and thinking, for it is adorable, easy, and comforting in its simplicity. Instead of using technological innovations to izpes and enhance communal narratives, he created a new system of storytelling that resisted change and did not dare to drift from the patriarchal order of production.


Just what were the changes he induced? Sometimes actors could even have lines, but still not be credited for their work.

By simplifying this complex semiotically in black and white drawings and making fun of it so that it had a common appeal, Disney also touched on other themes: For instance, Disney in his Alice films often employed a cat named Julius, who would take off his tail and use it as stick, weapon, rope, hook, question mark, etc.

As Richard Schickel has perceptively remarked, Disney “could make something his own, all right, but that process nearly always robbed the work at hand of its uniqueness, of its soul, if you will. By making many reproductions it substitutes a plurality of copies of a unique existence.

The pictures deprive the audience now of visualizing their own characters, roles, and desires. Moreover, within the literary tradition itself, many questioned the standardized model of what a fairy tale should be.

Simon and Schuster, A lot of films at the time would not credit the mass of people who worked on the film.

MIT Press,p. In printed form the fairy tale was property and could be taken by its owner and read by its owner at his jxck her leisure for escape, consolation, or inspiration.

At first glance, it breakint seem that the changes that Disney made were not momentous. This article cites the famous quote by Woody Allen in Annie Hall: Next Article Overcoming Cultural Differences: By this time, the fairy tale had expanded as a high art form operas, ballets, dramas and low art form folk plays, vaudevilles, and parodies as well as a form developed classically and experimentally for children and adults. In short, by zipex the literary fairy tale, writers and publishers violated the forms and concerns of non-literate, essentially peasant communities and set new standards of taste, production, and reception through the discourse of the fairy tale.

By literature began to be superseded by the mechanical means of reproduction that, Walter Benjamin declared, were revolutionary: Here it is important first to make some general remarks about the “violent” shift from the oral to the literary tradition and not just talk about the appropriation of the magic folk tale as a dialectical process.

Their actions are what counts in defeating evil. Part of the animation game consisted of developing mythologies that gave the animator some sort of special status.

By the end of the nineteenth century the literary fairy tale had the following crucial functions as institution in middle-class society: A new way of making moving pictures had been invented.


They all have names — Doc, Sleepy, Bashful, Happy, Sneezy, Grumpy, Dopey — representative of certain human characteristics and are fleshed-out so that they become the star attractions of the film. Rather, it was in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs that Disney fully appropriated the literary fairy-tale and made his signature into a trademark for the most acceptable type of fairy tale in the twentieth century.

Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell”

In Snow White and the Seven Thhe, the film does not really become lively until the dwarfs enter the narrative. In particular, the animals befriend Snow White and become her protectors. When the hero reveals himself, the king is enraged, but the hero grabs the zipess and leads her to the king’s chauffeur.

So, she convinces the animals to help her make the cottage tidy so that the dwarfs will perhaps let her stay there.

Jsck he imprint a particular American vision on the fairy tale through his animated films that dominates our perspective today? As we know, Disney never liked to give credit to the animators who worked with him, ziles they had to fight for acknowledgement. John Canemaker Los Angeles: It’s not like there weren’t popular fairy tale films before Disney started adapting them: The emphasis in most folk tales was on communal harmony.

However, despite their beauty and charm, these figures are pale and pathetic compared to the more active and demonic characters in the film. When the gigantic king discovers that the young man is wooing his daughter, he kicks him out of the palace, followed by puss.

Breaking the Disney Spell by Cassie Beckman on Prezi

I do believe that Walt Disney was trying to portray himself in a lot of his fairytale remakes by showing himself breaking out into the industry as the best as well as portraying the power taken from the rich and giving power to the people. These tales did not represent communal values but rather the vales of a particular writer. The revolution takes place as the king is outpaced and will be replaced by a commoner who knows how to use the latest inventions. February 13, at 3: