El derecho de retención en la Convención de Viena sobre compraventa The Vienna Sales Convention, Milán, Giuffrè, Bennett, T. DE MERCANCIAS (Convención de Viena de ) indemnización de daños y perjuicios en la Convención de Viena (artículos 74 a 77) son. Nos referimos a la Convención de Viena de sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías de 11 de abril de (en adelante.

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The parties knew or ought to have known It is not necessary that the parties actually have a knowledge of these usages, as their enforceability comes from their generality, which clearly differentiates them from specific or conventional usages. This distinction is important whenever the former are binding and have been accepted, either expressly or tacitly, according to what was addressed in the previous section.

First, many domestic usages are not particularly well adapted to the needs of international transactions. The interpretation, which is seemingly a general one, consists in asserting that the usages and practices are applicable more frequently than the provisions of the Convention and replaces the free will of the parties as they can exclude the usages and practices they wish.


Usages and Practices fiena The parties are bound by any usage to which they have agreed and by any practices which they have established between themselves.

International jurisprudence has recognized the normative value of usages as long as it fulfills the requirements of being publicly known and based on repetition. English pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. Currently there are 86 countries that have ratified the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods signed on April 11 th Although this could lead to the opinion that they should be globally known, both the legal theory and the case law have affirmed that it is unnecessary for them to be known in every commercial area.

This is true when they refer to usages that these parties viiena or should have had knowledge of and that are extensively known and regularly observed in international business in contracts of the same type of relevant trade activity.

It is not necessary that the convecnion actually have a knowledge of these usages, as their enforceability comes from their generality, which clearly differentiates them from specific or conventional usages.

The court determined that if the parties are bound by each usage or practice that have been established between them, according to Article 9. The Supreme Court considered that the Convention was applicable to the case, and it established that the Court of First Instance should review if Article 9.


El derecho de retención en la Convención de Viena sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías

The second part, which is entitled Formation of the contract, is contained between Articles The normal acceptance of the payment deferment or a certain discount for prompt payment; the quality of the goods to be delivered; the use of a specific means of communication for placing orders; a certain tolerance in terms of deficiencies, either quantitative or qualitative, of the goods; the acceptance of an offer without communication with the offeror Article If you have persistent cookies enabled as well, then we will be able to remember you across browser restarts and computer reboots.

Please click the link in that email to activate your subscription. Thirdly, in an arbitration case, under some laws and convencon of arbitration, it is established that the arbitrators should take into consideration the prevailing usages in the sectors of economic activity of which they have knowledge. In the same way, Chapter 4 of the Unidroit Principles regarding the interpretation of virna contract establishes that it should be interpreted according to the common intention of the contracting parties Article 4.

Information on the countries that have ratified the Convention can be found at: As such, the regulation in Article 7. As has been indicated in legal theory, Article 9 of convdncion Convention is based on two theories that reflect the role of the usages in trade contracts.

Additionally, it should be considered that requirement of being widely known and regularly observed applies to both parties. The previous paragraph demonstrates that the Convention does not regulate all international contracts of sale, and it also has no rules that include every aspect that could be contained in these types of contracts.

Convención de Viena de Compraventa internacional de me by Jeffrys Carrión on Prezi

Moreover, notwithstanding the fact that this paper has been developed from a perspective that is centered on the Convention on the International Sale of Goods, it was also considered pertinent to include references to the Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts.

He made this statement: As is well known, biena have established themselves as the instrument that sets out the general applicable rules to international contracts, either as covencion express agreement between the parties, or because the arbitrator interprets the contract as a reflection of a modern lex mercatoria.

The rules in reference are the following: Let’s connect Contact Details Facebook Twitter. We never store sensitive information about our customers in cookies. The regulations are set out as follows: Similarly, the usages and practices are of the utmost importance, and this is established in Articles 8 3 and 9. How to cite this article. This was not paid for, as the desire was to seek some form of compensation for the damages caused viea the previous order.


In both cases, the usages are not applied for their customary value, but because the parties themselves have made them part of the content of the contract.

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Article 5 sets out how the Convention does not establish the responsibility of the seller for the death or physical injuries caused to an individual by the goods. Secondly, throughout the procedure, in this scenario the regit processum principle, which is conducted with lex fori, in accordance with which the application must be determined ex officio or at the request of one of the parties and could eventually distinguish between the object and giena burden of proof, the admissibility of evidence agreements between the parties, judgments, or resolutions from Chambers of Commercethe probative force of the evidence and the arbitration proceeding.

However, the usages addressed in 9. Services on Demand Article. In terms of the widely known convsncion, this should in principle be understood in the sense that the usages should be international due to the fact that they refer to operations of that nature. Another aspect that should be considered in order to recognize the complimentary value of the usages is assuming that their normative value, according to Article 7. An additional issue to which reference must be made is the possible conflict that has arisen between a contractual practice and conventional usages.

Lastly, the paper ends with some final considerations and well as the bibliography. Normative functions Secondly, a normative function is recognized in Article 9 of the Convention as well as in Article 1.

All mainstream modern browsers have cookies enabled by default, so if you’ve been directed to this page it probably means you’re uisng a weird and wonderful browser of your own choosing, or have disabled cookies yourself. Cnovencion such, if the parties do not know the usages, they are not enforceable.

Second, no party should be bound by a usage that it cannot reasonably be expected to be aware of. The parties can refer directly and expressly to certain usages or tacitly convenciln to them with behavior that unequivocally shows this. He argues that the business practices that convencio agreed upon between the contracting parties reflect their express will, govern a specific contract, and their desire to comply in the future.

It is, therefore, necessary to establish the scope of each one of these in order to be able to establish a system of regulatory sources of contracts for the international sale of goods.